DEARi Perception on Architecture
Architecture is the mother of all Arts. It is a symbol of human civilization and authentic measure of social status. Over the period of many Centuries, resources and evidences drawn from the avenue of Architecture are used as a strong tool to write the History of the World. It is the oldest profession of human beings fulfilling their basic need of shelters for their various activities. Execution of Architecture, in fact, is a developmental activity of human beings.
Architecture exists in built-forms / built-environs that encompass ‘Art’ and ‘Technology’. In other words, Architecture is the child of Talent and Knowledge. The ‘Talent’ is nothing but ‘ART’ which is emerging from, or reflecting, the socio-economic standards, and cultural & emotional aspects of the people and the Knowledge is nothing but ‘TECHNOLOGY’, which is an application, an outcome of Engineering that is based on Science.
Document of Council of Architecture (CoA) says – “Architecture is the only discipline, which encompasses the four major fields of human endeavor – Humanities, Science, Art, and Technology, actually putting into practice the professional inputs drawn from them, Architecture uses the philosophic wholesomeness of Humanities, the logical rationalism of Science, the passionate imagination of Art and the inexhaustible resources of Technology, It calls for originality, creativity, conceptualization, perception, aesthetic values, and a holistic judgment of people, places, objects and events”.
Architecture is putting the five elements (Earth, Air, Water, Fire, and Space) in an order properly under a regulated manner to derive the best out of everything (five elements) for the welfare of human beings. The word, ‘Architecture’ is originated from the word ‘Architectonic’. The first part of the word, ‘archi’ means ‘keeping in order’ and the next part, ‘tectonic’ means ‘the five elements’. Architects are the ones who undergo advanced learning and training in Built-forms / Built-environs and therefore they are the modern ‘Vastu Pandits’.
In our country all these years, more particularly after independence, Built-environment has been widely deal with only through ‘Engineering Approach’. Now time has come to have a fresh look for an integrated approach that deals more with humanities in order to improve the quality of Built-forms / Built-environs.
Architect, being the Master designer, is taught and trained to take care of not only the quality & quantity aspects of space management but also the inner & outer detailing of every element of the built-forms/ built-environs. The various dimensions of quality of space are on its size, form, function, circulation, utility, color, light, ventilation, acoustics, safety, security, etc. Professionally designed environment will ensure good Architecture.
At the time of alarming threat of ‘Climate change and Global Warming’, allied areas of Architecture such as Energy Conservation, Ecology, Environmental Pollution, Architectural Heritage & Conservation, Housing, Urban Renewals, Regional & Town planning, Equitable use of Resources for Sustainable Lifestyles, etc., are as important as the built forms.
In India, as in the case of most developed countries, Architectural profession is regulated by the Architects Act, 1972 and the Rules / Regulations framed there under. The Council of Architecture (CoA), New Delhi constituted under the Act governs the Architectural Profession and Education in India by prescribing minimum standards of architectural education and professional conduct for Architects. Registration with CoA is a mandatory requirement to practice the profession of Architects and to use the title and style of ‘Architect’.